Published Research

Basurto, Xavier, Gordon Kingsley, Kelly McQueen, Mshadoni Smith, and Christopher M. Weible. 2010. “A Systematic Approach to Institutional Analysis: Applying Crawford and Ostrom’s Grammar.” Political Research Quarterly 63(3): 523.53.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1065912909334430

Carter, David P., Christopher M. Weible, Saba N. Siddiki, John Brett, and Sara Miller Chonaiew. 2015. “Assessing Policy Divergence: How to Investigate the Difference Between a Law and a Corresponding Regulation.” Public Administration 93(1): 159-176.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/padm.12120

Carter, David P., Christopher M. Weible, Saba N. Siddiki, and Xavier Basurto. 2016. “Integrating Core Concepts from the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework for the Systematic Analysis of Policy Designs: An Illustration from the U.S. National Organic Farming Regulation.” Journal of Theoretical Politics 28 (1): 159-185.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0951629815603494

Clement, Sarah, Susan A. Moore, and Michael Lockwood. 2015. “Authority, Responsibility, and Process in Australian Biodiversity Policy.” Environmental and Planning Law Journal 32(2): 93-114.

Crawford, Sue E.S. and Elinor Ostrom. 1995. “A Grammar of Institutions.” American Political Science Review 89(3): 582-600.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2082975

Dunlop, Claire A., Jonathan C. Kamkhaji, and Claudio M. Radaelli. 2019. “A Sleeping Giant Awakes? The Rise of the Institutional Grammar Tool (IGT) in Policy Research.” Journal of Chinese Governance. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/23812346.2019.1575502

Feiock, Richard C., Christopher M. Weible, David P. Carter, Cali Curley, Aaron DeSlatte, and Tanya Heikkila. 2014. “Capturing Structural and Functional Diversity Through Institutional Analysis.” Urban Affairs Review 52(1): 129-150.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1078087414555999

Frantz, Christopher K., Martin K. Purvis, Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu, and Mariusz Nowostawski. 2015. “Modeling Dynamic Normative Understanding in Agent Societies.” Scalable Computing: Practice and Experience 16(4): 355-378. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12694/scpe.v16i4.1128

Ghorbani, Amineh, and Giangiacomo Bravo. 2016. “Managing the Commons: A Simple Model of the Emergence of Institutions through Collective Action.” International Journal of the Commons 10(1): 200-219.
DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/ijc.606

Heikkila, T. and Weible, C.M., 2018. A semiautomated approach to analyzing polycentricity. Environmental Policy and Governance28(4), pp.308-318.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/eet.1817

Lien, Aaron M., Edella Schlager, Ashly Lona. 2018. “Using Institutional Grammar to Improve Understanding of the Form and Function of Payment for Ecosystem Services Programs” Ecosystem Services 31, Part A: 21-31. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2018.03.011

Novo, Paula, and Garrido, Alberto. 2014. “From Policy Design to Implementation: An Institutional Analysis of the New Nicaraguan Water Law” Water Policy 17(1): 105-126.

Roditis, Maria L., Donna Wang, Stanton Glantz, and Amanda Fallin. 2015. “Evaluating California Campus Tobacco Policies Using the American College Health Association Guidelines and the Institutional Grammar Tool.” Journal of American College Health 63(1): 57-67. DOI:
10.1080/07448481.2014.963108

Schlüter, Achim, and Insa Theesfeld. 2010. The Grammar of Institutions: The Challenge of Distinguishing Between Strategies, Norms, and Rules. Rationality and Society 22 (4):445-475. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1043463110377299

Siddiki, Saba, Tanya Heikkila, Christopher M. Weible, Raul Pacheco-Vega, David Carter, Cali Curley, Aaron Deslatte, Abby Bennett. 2019. “Institutional Analysis with the Institutional Grammar.” Policy Studies Journal. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/psj.12361

Siddiki, Saba. 2014. “Assessing Policy Design and Interpretation: An Institutions-Based Analysis in the Context of Aquaculture in Florida and Virginia, United States.” Review of Policy Research 31 (4): 281-303. DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1111/ropr.12075

Siddiki, Saba, Christopher M. Weible, Xavier Basurto, and John Calanni. 2011. “Dissecting Policy Designs: An Application of the Institutional Grammar Tool.” Policy Studies Journal 39(1): 79-103. DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-0072.2010.00397.x

Siddiki, Saba, and Suzann Lupton. 2016. “Assessing Nonprofit Rule Interpretation and Compliance.” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 45(4S): 156S-174S. DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1177/0899764016643608

Siddiki, Saba, Xavier Basurto, Christopher M. Weible. 2012. “Using the Institutional Grammar Tool to Understand Regulatory Compliance: The Case of Colorado Aquaculture.” Regulation & Governance 6 (2): 167-188. DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5991.2012.01132.x

Smajgl, Alex, Luis R. Izquierdo, and Marco Huigen. 2008 “Modeling Endogenous Rule Exchanges in an Institutional Context: The Adico Sequence.” Advances in Complex Systems 11(2): 199-215. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1142/S021952590800157X

Watkins, Cristy, and Lynn M. Wesphal. 2015. “People Don’t Talk in Institutional Statements: A Methodological Case Study of the Institutional Analysis and Development Framework” Policy Studies Journal 44: 98S-122S. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/psj.12139

Watkins, Cristy, Lynne M. Westphal, Paul H. Gobster, Joanna Vining, and Alaka Wali et al. 2015. “Shared Principles of Restoration Practice in the Chicago Wilderness Region.” Human Ecology 21(1): 155-177.

Weible, Christopher M., and David P. Carter. 2015. “The Composition of Policy Change: Colorado’s 1977 and 2006 Smoking Bans” Policy Sciences 48(2): 207-231.
DOI: 10.1007/s11077-015-9217-x

Table 1. Descriptive Summary of Select Institutional Grammar Applications

Table 1. Descriptive Summary of Select Institutional Grammar Applications
Article Author(s)
Publication Year
Type of Article Guiding Theory or Framework Conceptual Foci Policy or Substantive Domain Geographic Scope Application of the Institutional Grammar (IG)
Crawford and Ostrom 1995 Theoretical and methodological Institutional theory Institutional design N/A N/A Introduced the IG
Smajgl et al. 2008 Methodological and empirical — Simulation Institutional theory, behavioral theory Institutional emergence N/A N/A IG used for parameterizing agent-based model simulation to assess institutional emergence
Basurto et al. 2010 Methodological and theoretical IAD framework Policy design Transportation and Health National and state IG used for coding policies; presents revised coding guidelines for IG application
Schlüter and Theesfeld 2010 Theoretical and methodological IAD framework Institutional design N/A N/A Addresses syntactic assumptions underlying rule-norm distinction
Siddiki et al. 2011 Methodological and empirical IAD framework Institutional design Food State IG modified to include additional syntactic component
Siddiki et al. 2012 Empirical IAD framework and policy compliance Policy compliance Food State IG used for coding policies as basis for compliance assessment
Feiock et al. 2014 Empirical Municipal governance Mayoral authority, institutional diversity Local governance Local IG used for coding city charters as basis for evaluating mayoral authority
Frantz et al. 2014 Methodological and empirical – Simulation Institutional theory, behavioral theory Institutional emergence Trade N/A IG used for parameterizing agent-based model simulation to assess institutional emergence
Novo and Garrido 2014 Empirical Social-ecological systems framework Policy implementation Environmental National IG used for coding policies as basis for assessment of policy implementation
Carter et al. 2015 Methodological and empirical IAD framework, Sabatier and Mazmanian implementation framework Policy design, policy divergence Food National IG used as basis for assessing divergence between law and corresponding regulation
Clement et al. 2015 Empirical Environmental governance Policy authority, policy responsibility Environmental National IG used as basis for operationalizing policy responsibility and authority
Roditis et al. 2015 Empirical IAD framework Policy comprehensiveness, policy compliance Heath State and local IG used a basis for operationalizing policy comprehensiveness
Siddiki 2015 Empirical Policy design, policy enforcement Policy compliance, policy legitimacy, policy coerciveness Food State IG used for coding policies as basis for compliance assessment
Watkins and Westphal 2015 Methodological and empirical IAD framework Natural resource management Environmental Regional IG used for coding of institutions-in-use
Watkins et al. 2015 Empirical IAD framework Natural resource management Environmental Regional IG used for coding of institutions-in-use
Weible and Carter 2015 Methodological and empirical IAD framework Policy design, policy change Health State IG used as a basis for measuring and assessing policy change
Carter et al. 2016 Methodological and empirical IAD framework Policy design Environmental National IG used as a basis for assessing policy design
Ghorbani and Bravo 2016 Empirical – Simulation CPR theory Natural resource management, institutional emergence Environmental N/A IG used for parameterizing agent-based model simulation to assess institutional emergence
Siddiki and Lupton 2016 Empirical Nonprofit management Organizational policy compliance Nonprofit organizations N/A IG used for coding of formal nonprofit governance institutions
Heikkila and Weible 2018 Empirical IAD framework Polycentricity Environmental State IG used for assessing policy design and operationalizing polycentricity